Compressive structural provinces contain complex trap-forming structures, which are not well imaged on seismic data. The objective of the course is to discuss the use of 2-D and 3-D structural models and techniques for constructing maps, seismic interpretations, balanced cross sections and 3-D interpretations. Controls of structural styles on fracture potential will also be discussed. Models of trap-forming structures for fold-thrust belts, foreland basement structures, and inversion structures will be presented. Numerous examples of productive structures from compressive basins will be discussed. Problem sets will provide hands on experience in interpreting subsurface structures using seismic and well data.
WHO SHOULD ATTEND
Exploration and Production Geologists and Geophysicists. The course is designed for geoscientists working in complex Compressive structural provinces, who need to apply structural models and 2-D and 3-D structural methods to improve structural and seismic interpretations and evaluate fracture potential for prospect evaluation and field development.
- Classification of Structural Styles in Hydrocarbon Basins.
- Comparative Structural Styles.
- Controls of Mechanical Stratigraphy.
- Structural Models and Methods in Interpretation.
2. FOLDING AND FAULTING
- Fold Geometry and Mechanisms.
- Fold Interpretation Methods.
- Fault Parameters and Interpretation.
3. STRUCTURE MAPS AND CROSS SECTIONS
- Structure Maps.
- Incorporating Reverse Faults in Maps.
- Construction of Structural Cross Sections.
4. FOLD AND THRUST BELTS
- Tectonic Setting and Framework.
- Fold and Thrust Geometry and Mechanisms.
- Fold-Accommodation Faults.
- Fault-Bend Folds.
- Fault-Propagation Folds.
- Detachment Folds.
- Faulted-Detachment Folds.
- Fold-Thrust Systems.
- Wedge and Triangle Structures.
- Compressive Growth Structures.
- Map and 3-D Geometry.
- Hydrocarbon Provinces.
5. FORELAND BASEMENT STRUCTURES
- Regional Framework.
- First- and Second- Order Structures
- Trishear Models.
- Mode I –Basement Structures.
- Mode II- Basement Structures.
- Backlimb and Forelimb Dips.
- Trap Styles.
- Productive Trends.
6. INVERSION AND REACTIVATED STRUCTURES
- Mechanisms of Inversion and Reactivation.
- Characteristic Features- Separation and Growth Features.
- Fault-Propagation Folding Inversion.
- Fault-Bend Folding Inversion.
- Hydrocarbon Provinces.
7. STRUCTURAL VALIDATION AND MODELING
- Structural Restoration and Validation.
- Kinematic Reconstruction and Structural Evolution.
- 3-D Structural Modeling and Validation Methods.
8. FRACTURING IN COMPRESSIVE STRUCTURES
- Fracture and Faulting Criteria.
- Fracture Types and Morphology.
- Fracture Characterization - Orientation and Fracture Intensity.
- Controls of Fracture Intensity.
- Fracture Networks and Clustering.
- Structural Controls of Fracture Intensity and Connectivity.
- Fractured Reservoirs.